Raja porus biography – biography of king porus in hindi
Raja Purvas or Raja Porus’s kingdom extended from the Jhelum to the Chenab River in Punjab. It was the capital around present-day Lahore. Raja Porus (also Raja Puru) was the ruler of the Porwa dynasty, whose empire stretched as far as the Jhelum and Chenab rivers in the Punjab (Hyidsps and Asisnus in Greek) and the colony Hypasis.
The story of King Porus and Alexander is very famous, which is remembered not only in historical accounts but also on the tongue of the people. In Greek history, not only is Alexander’s bravery praised, but Porus is also praised. Come, let us introduce you to the biography of that great King Porus.
King Porus was the king of Paurava whose empire was spread between the Jhelum and the Chenab River. The origin of Paurava is believed to be of Mahabharata period. The king who descended from the Chandra dynasty was called Chandravanshi. A king named Yayati was a similar Chandravanshi king with two sons Puru and Yadu. The descendants of Puru are called Pauravas and the descendants of Yadu are called Yadavas. Hence King Porus was a Chandravanshi king who was a descendant of Yayati. Being a moon dynasty, his might and strength were unimaginable. The Pauravas were the rulers who defeated the Persian kings Darius and the Jerkese in the war. Cyrus the Great was killed while fighting with Indian warriors in these wars.
Alexander’s strategy and Porus’s bravery during the World War
Alexander knew that defeating a mighty king like Porus is not so easy. So he acted cleverly. He raised his army on the banks of the river Jhelum and started pretending as if they were looking for a way to cross the river. After several days passed, the guards of Porus became less alert. Meanwhile, Alexander crossed the river with thousands of soldiers and horsemen about 17 miles upstream.
The army of Porus still believed that Alexander was looking for a way to cross the river, while Alexander himself had reached near him from another. Porus’ army was horrified by the sudden attack but still fought hard.
Due to the rain, the chariots of Porus were not able to move easily on the mud land and were getting trapped in the mud. But the elephants in the army of Porus released the sweat of Alexander’s army and gave opportunity to support Porus’s army. But meanwhile, Alexander’s commanders pretending to be waiting on the other side of the river also crossed the river and attacked.
Sindhu and Jhelum
It was difficult to set foot in the kingdom of Porus without crossing the Indus and Jhelum. King Porus was well aware of the natural condition of his region, the geography and nature of the Jhelum River. Maharaja Porus was the owner of a very large tract including Sindh-Punjab. Puru did not try to find out what is the secret of the power of the Yavana army? The main force of the Yavana army was its fast cavalry and agile archers riding horses.
Historians believe that Puru had faith in his valor and his armies but that did not stop Alexander from crossing the Jhelum River and that was his mistake. But historians do not know that Alexander was badly trapped after this crossing of the river Jhelum, because the river was flooded after crossing the river.
When Alexander attacked, he was welcomed by Ambhi, the king of Gandhara-Taxila and Ambi secretly assisted Alexander. Ambi King considered Porus his enemy. Alexander sent a message to Porus, in which he wrote to Porus surrendering to Alexander, but Porus then did not accept Alexander’s subjection.
The only information available on Porus is from Greek sources, though historians have argued that Porus was likely to be a descendant of the Puru tribe mentioned in the Rigveda, based on his name and location of his domain. Historian Ishwari Prasad said that Porus could have been Yaduvanshi Shoreseni. He argues that the pawn soldiers of Porus saw a banner of Herakles by Megasthanis, who was clearly identified with the Shorasanis of Mathura by Chandragupta on a visit to India after Porus. Megasthanis and Herakles of Arrian have been identified by some scholars as Krishna and by others as his elder brother Baldev, who was both the ancestor and patron deity of Shoresenis. Ishri Prasad and others, following his lead, found more support for this conclusion in the fact that a part of the Shoresenites migrated west from Punjab and modern Afghanistan to Mathura and Dwarka after Krishna’s demise and there were new States were established.
If we consider Porus as King Parvatak, then he died by a poison. And some historians state that Eudomos, a general of Alexander’s generals, slaughtered King Porus in 321 BCE to 315 BCE. Apart from this, there is an argument that Porus was killed by Acharya Chanakya, close to Chandragupta Maurya. So that it could not become a hindrance in their conquest. The life context of the great warrior named Porus may be full of doubt and mystery, but no one can doubt his valor.